Article with Dr. Carlos Zarate Jr.

During the 1990s, the brief popularity of all-night (and in some cases multiday) raves led to a national panic over club drugs. The federal government staged elaborate crackdowns on ecstasy (known colloquially as E and in the lab as MDMA, short for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) and an anesthetic called ketamine (or K). While ecstasy had been outlawed in 1985, trafficking ketamine was no more illegal in the '90s than selling unused penicillin. But by 1999, the government had classified ketamine under the Controlled Substances Act, and today, dealing the drug can earn you the same sentence that you would get for selling heroin or meth.

Read more: Is Ketamine a Quick Fix for Hard-to-Treat Depression?


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