Chris-Ellyn Johanson
Intramural Research Program
National Institutes of Health
Baltimore, Maryland 21224.


Charles R. Schuster

Intramural Research Program
National Institutes of Health
Baltimore, Maryland 21224.


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1 References for the major national surveys including DAWN can be obtained from the authors or directly from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration, or the National Institute of Justice.

2 Eighth- and tenth-grade students were studied in the most recent surveys. However, there are not sufficient data to discuss trends in prevalence rates in these age groups.

3 References included in ref. 34 are not repeated in the present chapter.

4 See ref. 34 for references to earlier studies.

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published 2000